This book provides strong evidence for the assertion that language is a general principle of Nature, rooted exclusively in physical and chemical laws. Such a radical idea inevitably leads us to view the essence, origin and evolution of life in a completely new light. At the same time, it shifts the coordinates of our scientific world-view. We have to abandon our traditional anthropocentric view of language in favor of an overarching concept of language that is able to bridge the gap between matter and meaning. Thus the language of Nature may also be the key to a better understanding of the relationship between mind and matter.